1) A Miracle
2) Vocabulary Box
3) Grammar Spot: Must
An old lady had been to Lourdes, and as she went through the customs on her way home, the customs officer found a bottle in a suitcase.
“This must be whisky,” he said.
“Oh no,” said the old lady. “It’s holy water from Lourdes.”
The customs officer opened the bottle to smell the liquid.
“That is whisky,” he said.
“Praise be to God!” said the old lady.
Let’s explain some of the words in today’s joke!
– Lourdes is a major place of Christian pilgrimage (a journey made to special places for religious reasons).
– A customs officer is a person whose job is to look inside travellers’ bags to make certain they are not taking goods into a country without paying taxes.
– Holy means sacred.
– The meaning of the verb ‘to praise’ is to honour, to worship.
Today we shall continue our journey into the world of modal verbs. Our guest is the modal verb “must”. The story of “must” is simple, but I am sure that our joke and the following examples will make it more exciting and interesting.
Let’s make the introductions:
Affirmative: S + must + the short infinitive of the verb
Negative: S + must not/mustn’t + the short infinitive of the verb
Interrogative: Must + S+ the short infinitive of the verb?
He must pay the rent by Wednesday.
You must eat here.
Must I eat all that cake?
We can use ‘must’ in the present or future, but not the past. Its substitute, ‘have to’ can be used in all forms, but we are going to talk about ‘have to’ next time.
Now that introductions are made, let’s get to know ‘must’ better.
We use ‘must’:
– to express obligation imposed by the speaker. The following general example will help you understand this better.
You must do something. = I (the speaker) say it is necessary.
I must stop smoking.
You must phone her.
We must hurry. It’s late.
He must wear a suit tonight.
– to express necessity
You must have a visa to visit this country.
Students must pass a test to enter this college.
Father must take these pills. He’s sick.
You must fill this form.
– to express certainty
This must be the right address.
This must be the answer to our question.
That must be John. He said he would be here by five.
That must be the royal palace.
Add today’s joke as an example.
We use ‘must not/ mustn’t’:
– to express prohibition
You mustn’t walk on the grass.
Students must not use dictionaries in the exam.
You mustn’t park here.
You must not cross the road on the red light.
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That was all for today. I hope you have enjoyed yourself and learnt
new useful things. Till next time, take care.
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